Periodontal (gum) diseases, including gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that, left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth.
Treatment for this disease is often accomplished through non-surgical periodontal treatment, including scaling and root planing (a careful cleaning of the root surfaces to remove plaque and calculus -tartar- from deep periodontal pockets and to smooth the tooth root to remove bacterial toxins), followed by adjunctive therapy such as antimicrobials, as needed on a case-by-case basis.
If you’re diagnosed with periodontal disease, your periodontist may recommend periodontal surgery. Periodontal surgery is necessary when your periodontist determines that the tissue around your teeth is unhealthy and cannot be repaired with non-surgical treatment. This might include flap surgery, pocket elimination, osseous surgery, regenerative surgery (bone replacement materials) etc that your periodontist will discuss with you.